Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP)

Learn more about the causes, symptoms and treatments available for each type of prolapse. As well as how best to prevent one from happening to you. Follow the links below for more information.


Contents

  • Types of Prolapse
    • Vaginal Prolapse - where the pelvic organs, such as the uterus, rectum, bladder, urethra, small bowel, or even the vagina itself, fall out of their normal position.
    • Uterine Prolapse - where the uterus droops into the vaginal space or, in advanced cases, out of the vagina.
    • Vaginal Vault Prolapse - where the top of the vagina descends into the vagina canal and can even become visible outside of the vagina.
    • Bladder Prolapse - where the bladder bulges into the front (anterior) wall of the vagina, often causing urinary incontinence.
    • Cystocele - a type of bladder prolapse where the bladder droops from its normal position against the front (anterior) wall of the vagina.
    • Urethrocele - a type of bladder prolapse where the urethra prolapses into the pelvic cavity.
    • Rectal Prolapse - where the tissue of the rectum loosens and stretches, and begins to protrude outside of the anus.
    • Rectocele - where the rectum falls against the back (posterior) wall of the vagina, often causing constipation and issues with continence.
    • Enterocele - where the small bowel (aka small intestine) bulges against the upper wall of the vagina or, in advanced cases, falls down between the rectum and vagina.
    • Perineal Descent - when the perineum (the area between the anus and the scrotum/vulva) bulges down and prolapses below the bony outlet of the pelvis.